The following diagram shows the states that a VM can be in and the API calls that can be used to move the VM between these states.
VM boot parameters¶
VM class contains a number of fields that control the way in which the VM
is booted. With reference to the fields defined in the VM class (see later in
this document), this section outlines the boot options available and the
mechanisms provided for controlling them.
VM booting is controlled by setting one of the two mutually exclusive groups:
"PV" and "HVM". If
HVM.boot_policy is an empty string, then paravirtual
domain building and booting will be used; otherwise the VM will be loaded as a
HVM domain, and booted using an emulated BIOS.
When paravirtual booting is in use, the
PV_bootloader field indicates the
bootloader to use. It may be "pygrub", in which case the platform's default
installation of pygrub will be used, or a full path within the control domain to
some other bootloader. The other fields,
PV_bootloader_args will be passed to the bootloader unmodified, and
interpretation of those fields is then specific to the bootloader itself,
including the possibility that the bootloader will ignore some or all of
those given values. Finally the paths of all bootable disks are added to the
bootloader commandline (a disk is bootable if its VBD has the bootable flag set).
There may be zero, one, or many bootable disks; the bootloader decides which
disk (if any) to boot from.
If the bootloader is pygrub, then the menu.lst is parsed, if present in the
guest's filesystem, otherwise the specified kernel and ramdisk are used, or an
autodetected kernel is used if nothing is specified and autodetection is
PV_args is appended to the kernel command line, no matter which
mechanism is used for finding the kernel.
PV_bootloader is empty but
PV_kernel is specified, then the kernel and
ramdisk values will be treated as paths within the control domain. If both
PV_kernel are empty, then the behaviour is as if
PV_bootloader were specified as "pygrub".
When using HVM booting,
HVM_boot_params specify the boot
handling. Only one policy is currently defined, "BIOS order". In this case,
HVM_boot_params should contain one key-value pair "order" = "N" where N is the
string that will be passed to QEMU.
HVM_boot_params can contain another key-value pair "firmware"
with values "bios" or "uefi" (default is "bios" if absent).
By default Secure Boot is not enabled, it can be enabled when "uefi" is enabled by setting
VM.platform["secureboot"] to true.