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Deploy the Citrix ingress controller in Anthos

Anthos is a hybrid and multi cloud platform that lets you run your applications on existing on-prem hardware or in the public cloud. It provides a consistent development and operation experience for cloud and on-premises environments.

The Citrix ingress controller can be deployed in Anthos GKE on-premises using the following deployment modes:

  • Exposing Citrix ADC CPX with the sidecar ingress controller as a service of type LoadBalancer.
  • Dual-tier Ingress deployment

Expose Citrix ADC CPX as a service of type LoadBalancer in Anthos GKE on-prem

In this deployment, Citrix ADC VPX or MPX is deployed outside the cluster at Tier-1 and Citrix ADC CPX at Tier-2 inside the Anthos cluster similar to a dual-tier deployment. However instead of using Ingress, the Citrix ADC CPX is exposed using the Kubernetes service of type LoadBalancer. The Citrix ingress controller automates the process of configuring the IP address provided in the LoadBalancerIP field of the service specification.

Prerequisites

  • You must deploy a Tier-1 Citrix ADC VPX or MPX in the same subnet as the Anthos GKE on-prem user cluster.

  • You must configure a subnet IP address (SNIP) on the Tier-1 Citrix ADC and Anthos GKE on-prem cluster nodes should be reachable using the IP address.

  • To use a Citrix ADC VPX or MPX from a different network, use Citrix Node Controller to enable communication between the Citrix ADC and the Anthos GKE on-prem cluster.

  • You must set aside a virtual IP address (VIP) to be used as a Load Balancer IP address.

Deploy Citrix ADC CPX as service of type LoadBalancer in Anthos GKE on-premises

Perform the following steps to deploy Citrix ADC CPX as a service of type LoadBalancer in Anthos GKE on-premises.

  1. Deploy the required application in your Kubernetes cluster and expose it as a service in your cluster using the following command.
    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/citrix/citrix-k8s-ingress-controller/master/deployment/anthos/manifest/service-type-lb/apache.yaml
    

Note: In this example, apache.yaml is used. You should use the specific YAML file for your application.

  1. Deploy Citrix ADC CPX with the sidecar Citrix ingress controller as Tier-2 Ingress device using the cpx-cic.yaml file.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/citrix/citrix-k8s-ingress-controller/master/deployment/anthos/manifest/service-type-lb/cpx-cic.yaml
    
  2. (Optional) Create a self-signed SSL certificate and a key to be used with the Ingress for TLS configuration.

    openssl req -subj '/CN=anthos-citrix-ingress.com/O=Citrix Systems Inc/C=IN' -new -newkey rsa:2048 -days 5794 -nodes -x509 -keyout $PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.key -out $PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.crt;openssl rsa -in $PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.key -out $PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.key
    

Note: If you already have an SSL certificate, you can create a Kubernetes secret using the same. This is just an example command to create a self-signed certificate and also this command assumes the host name of the application to be anthos-citrix-ingress.com.

  1. Create a Kubernetes secret with the created SSL cert-key pair.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create secret tls anthos-citrix --cert=$PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.crt --key=$PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.key
    
  2. Create an Ingress resource for Tier-2 using the tier-2-ingress.yaml file.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/citrix/citrix-k8s-ingress-controller/master/deployment/anthos/manifest/service-type-lb/tier-2-ingress.yaml
    
  3. Create a Kubernetes secret for the Tier-1 Citrix ADC.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create secret  generic nslogin --from-literal=username='nsroot' --from-literal=password='nsroot'
    
  4. Deploy the Citrix ingress controller as a Tier-1 ingress controller.

  5. Download the cic.yaml file.

  6. Enter the management IP address of Citrix ADC. Update the Tier-1 Citrix ADC's management IP address in the placeholder Tier-1-Citrix-ADC-IP specified in the cic.yaml file.

  7. Save and deploy the cic.yaml using the following command.

            kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f cic.yaml
    
  8. Expose Citrix ADC CPX as a Kubernetes service of type LoadBalancer.

    1. Download the cpx-service-type-lb.yaml file.

    2. Edit the YAML file and specify the value of VIP-for-accessing-microservices as the VIP address which is to be used for accessing the applications inside the cluster. This VIP address is the one set aside to be used as a Load Balancer IP address.

    3. Save and deploy the cpx-service-type-lb.yaml file using the following command.

          kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f cpx-service-type-lb.yaml
      
  9. Update the DNS records with the IP address of VIP-for-accessing-microservices for accessing the microservice. In this example, to access the Apache microservice, you must have the following DNS entry.

    `<VIP-for-accessing-microservices> anthos-citrix-ingress.com`
    
  10. Use the following command to access the application.

    curl -k --resolve anthos-citrix-ingress.com:443:<VIP-for-accessing-microservices> https://anthos-citrix-ingress.com/ <html><body><h1>It works!</h1></body></html>
    

    Note: In this command, --resolve anthos-citrix-ingress.com:443:<VIP-for-accessing-microservices> is used to override the DNS configuration part in step 9 for demonstration purpose.

Clean up the installation: Expose Citrix ADC CPX as service of type LoadBalancer

To clean up the installation, use the kubectl --kubeconfig delete command to delete each deployment.

To delete the Citrix ADC CPX service deployment (CPX+CIC service) use the following command:

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f cpx-service-type-lb.yaml

To delete the Tier-2 Ingress object, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f tier-2-ingress.yaml

To delete the Citrix ADC CPX deployment along with the sidecar Citrix ingress controller, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f cpx-cic.yaml

To delete the stand-alone Citrix ingress controller, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f cic.yaml

To delete the Apache microservice, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f apache.yaml

To delete the Kubernetes secret, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete secret anthos-citrix

To delete the nslogin secret, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete secret nslogin

Dual tier Ingress deployment

In a dual-tier Ingress deployment, Citrix ADC VPX or MPX is deployed outside the Kubernetes cluster (Tier-1) and Citrix ADC CPXs are deployed inside the Kubernetes cluster (Tier-2).

Citrix ADC MPX or VPX devices in Tier-1 proxy the traffic (North-South) from the client to Citrix ADC CPXs in Tier-2. The Tier-2 Citrix ADC CPX then routes the traffic to the microservices in the Kubernetes cluster. The Citrix ingress controller deployed as a standalone pod configures the Tier-1 Citrix ADC. The sidecar Citrix ingress controller in one or more Citrix ADC CPX pods configures the associated Citrix ADC CPX in the same pod.

Prerequisites

  • You must deploy a Tier-1 Citrix ADC VPX or MPX in the same subnet as the Anthos GKE on-prem user cluster.

  • You must configure a subnet IP address (SNIP) on the Tier-1 Citrix ADC and Anthos GKE on-prem cluster nodes should be reachable using the IP address.

  • To use a Citrix ADC VPX or MPX from a different network, use the Citrix Node Controller to enable communication between the Citrix ADC and the Anthos GKE on-prem cluster.

  • You must set aside a virtual IP address to be used as a front-end IP address in the Tier-1 Ingress manifest.

Dual-tier Ingress deployment in Anthos GKE on-prem

Perform the following steps to deploy a dual-tier Ingress deployment of Citrix ADC in Anthos GKE on-prem.

  1. Deploy the required application in your Kubernetes cluster and expose it as a service in your cluster using the following command.
    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/citrix/citrix-k8s-ingress-controller/master/deployment/anthos/manifest/dual-tiered-ingress/apache.yaml
    

Note: In this example, apache.yaml is used. You should use the specific YAML file for your application.

  1. Deploy Citrix ADC CPX with the Citrix ingress controller as Tier-2 Ingress using the cpx-cic.yaml file.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/citrix/citrix-k8s-ingress-controller/master/deployment/anthos/manifest/dual-tiered-ingress/cpx-cic.yaml
    
  2. Expose Citrix ADC CPX as a Kubernetes service using the cpx-service.yaml file.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/citrix/citrix-k8s-ingress-controller/master/deployment/anthos/manifest/dual-tiered-ingress/cpx-service.yaml
    
  3. (Optional) Create a self-signed SSL certificate and a key to be used with the Ingress for TLS configuration.

    Note: If you already have an SSL certificate, you can create a Kubernetes secret using the same.

    openssl req -subj '/CN=anthos-citrix-ingress.com/O=Citrix Systems Inc/C=IN' -new -newkey rsa:2048 -days 5794 -nodes -x509 -keyout $PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.key -out $PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.crt;openssl rsa -in $PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.key -out $PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.key
    

    Note: This is just an example command to create a self-signed certificate and also this command assumes that the hostname of the application to be anthos-citrix-ingress.com.

  4. Create a Kubernetes secret with the created SSL cert-key pair.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create secret tls anthos-citrix --cert=$PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.crt --key=$PWD/anthos-citrix-certificate.key
    
  5. Create an Ingress resource for Tier-2 using the tier-2-ingress.yaml file.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/citrix/citrix-k8s-ingress-controller/master/deployment/anthos/manifest/dual-tiered-ingress/tier-2-ingress.yaml
    
  6. Create a Kubernetes secret for the Tier-1 Citrix ADC.

    kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create secret  generic nslogin --from-literal=username='citrix-adc-username' --from-literal=password='citrix-adc-password'
    
  7. Deploy the Citrix ingress controller as a Tier-1 ingress controller.

    1. Download the cic.yaml file.

    2. Enter the management IP address of Citrix ADC. Update the Tier-1 Citrix ADC's management IP address in the placeholder Tier-1-Citrix-ADC-IP specified in the cic.yaml file.

    3. Save and deploy the cic.yaml using the following command.

          kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f cic.yaml
      
      1. Create an Ingress resource for Tier-1 using the tier-1-ingress.yaml file.
    4. Download the tier-1-ingress.yaml file.

    5. Edit the YAML file and replace VIP-Citrix-ADC with the VIP address which was set aside.

    6. Save and deploy the tier-1-ingress.yaml file using the following command.

          kubectl --kubeconfig user-cluster-1-kubeconfig create -f tier-1-ingress.yaml
      
  8. Update the DNS records with the IP address of VIP-Citrix-ADC for accessing the microservice. In this example, to access the Apache microservice, you must have the following DNS entry.

            <VIP-Citrix-ADC> anthos-citrix-ingress.com
    
  9. Use the following command to access the application.

        curl -k --resolve anthos-citrix-ingress.com:443:<VIP-Citrix-ADC>   https://anthos-citrix-ingress.com/
        <html><body><h1>It works!</h1></body></html>
    

    Note: In this command, --resolve anthos-citrix-ingress.com:443:<VIP-for-accessing-microservices> is used to override the DNS configuration part.

Clean up the installation: Dual tier Ingress

To clean up the installation, use the kubectl --kubeconfig delete command to delete each deployment.

To delete the Tier-1 Ingress object, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f tier-1-ingress.yaml

To delete the Tier-2 Ingress object, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f tier-2-ingress.yaml`

To delete the Citrix ADC CPX deployment along with the sidecar Citrix ingress controller, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f cpx-cic.yaml

To delete the Citrix ADC CPX service deployment, use the following command:

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f cpx-service.yaml

To delete the stand-alone Citrix ingress controller use the following command:

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f cic.yaml

To delete the Apache microservice, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete -f apache.yaml

To delete the Kubernetes secret, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete secret anthos-citrix

To delete the nslogin secret, use the following command.

    kubectl --kubeconfig /home/ubuntu/user-cluster-1-kubeconfig delete secret nslogin`
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